SOC120 – Week 1 – discussion 3 – Three Classical Ethical Theories
1st Post Due by Day 3. Three Classical Ethical Theories. The purpose of this discussion is to help you investigate the ethical theories of Western philosophical thought. Prepare and post a response to the following prompt: • Identify and define each of the three dominant ethical theories in Western philosophy. Describe a situation that you have faced recently that presented an ethical dilemma. How would you evaluate this situation and your actions to determine if they were good or virtuous under each theory? • What duties would each theory impose on you if your aim was to act in a way that is good or virtuous in the situation you just described? Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims with examples from the required material(s) and/or other scholarly sources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
Three classical ethical theories
The three classical ethical theories include: consequentialism, deontological ethics and social contract theories. Consequentialism dictates that the moral status of an action depends on the consequence. For instance, if you do a morally right thing, the consequence will be right. Deontologists deny that consequences are as a result of an action. They say that what matters is why the action was done. Social contract theory says that one…