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PHI 103 Informal logic – Week 1 Assignment

Initial Argument Paper. Due by Day 7. This assignment is not an essay but an exercise that helps build toward your Final Paper for the course. Your task in this assignment is to construct the best argument you can for a position on a controversial topic. Your argument should be your own creation. You may take inspiration from other arguments, but the formulation of the argument you present should be original to you. To prepare to write this paper, • Begin by choosing a topic from the PHI103 Final Paper Options list. • Construct an argument for a position on the topic. This is the position that you will defend in your Final Paper. Make your argument as good as possible: In particular, make sure that all of your premises are true and that the truth of the conclusion is demonstrated by your premises. • Consider possible objections to your argument, and revise it several times until you have an argument that is as strong as possible.

Search in the Ashford University Library for quality academic sources that support some aspect of your argument. • Constructing quality arguments is harder than it sounds; you may find that your first few attempts have problems and that it takes quite a bit of time and effort to revise an argument to a point that the premises adequately support the conclusion. You will be revising this argument for each of the remaining assignments in this course. In your paper,

• Present a main argument in standard form with each premise and the conclusion on a separate line.

• Provide support for each premise of your argument. Explain the meaning of the premise, and provide supporting evidence for the premise. [One paragraph for each premise] o Pay special attention to those premises that could be seen as controversial. Evidence may include academic research sources, supporting arguments, or other ways of demonstrating the truth of the premise (for more ideas about how to support the truth of premises take a look at the instructor guidance for this week). This section should include at least one scholarly research source. For further information about discovering and including high-quality research take a look at the FindIt@AU Tutorial.

• Explain how your conclusion follows from your premises. o For an example of how to complete this paper, take a look at the Week One Annotated example The Ethics of Elephants in Circuses. Let your instructor know if you have any remaining questions about how to complete this paper.

 

 

 

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How does the stage of pregnancy affect the morality of abortion?

 

P1: Abortion is the taking of a life of another person

P2: Taking the life of another person is morally wrong

P3: Anything that requires that taking of life of another person is morally wrong unless it serves a purpose that outweighs the suffering involved.

P4: Aborting in any stage of pregnancy does not serve a purpose that outweighs the suffering involved.

C: Therefore, abortion in any stage of pregnancy is morally wrong.

 

The first premise is widely known. There is no country that permits a person to be responsible for taking the life of another person. Life is closely guarded and there is no single constitution that allows people to be responsible for the life of other people (Hardy et al., 2015). 

The second premise looks at how…

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