Intrusions in Asia
Describe the key motives involved in the increased presence of Westerners in India, China, and Japan in the 1700s and 1800s. Identify the key factors that led to Britain’s successful imposition of its presence and trade policies on China, despite communications like those from Emperor Ch’ien-lung (i.e., Qianlong) and Commissioner Lin Zexu (i.e., Lin Tse-hsu). Argue for or against the British policies regarding China in the 1800s, using analogies from our own modern times.
- Chapter 29 (pp. 974-979), intrusions into Asia; Chapter 29 (pp. 980-984), Japanese woodblock prints
- Opium Wars and the Opening of China at http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/20428167
- Opium Wars with visuals at http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/opium_wars_01/ow1_essay01.html
- Key documents from China at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1793qianlong.asp and http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/com-lin.html
The number of Europeans rapidly increased in china between 1700 and 1800. Napoleon even gave the country a nickname “sleeping Dragon” which meant that China was going to be a mighty nation due to its vast size, a lot of natural resources and the large number of the still growing population. However, after the death of Qing, the leadership of China started to decline. This was due to increase in the level of corruption by the new government. Border defense maintenance costs became outrageously high and the…