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Geology discussion questions

Geology discussion questions


There are now about 200 political states that send representatives to the United Nations. Maps of the world often divide the land masses into different political states demarcated by international borders. These borders are often disputed and tend to change over time. Is their location better explained by geography or by history? Why?


Rural-to-urban migration in Latin American cities often results in large squatter settlements surrounding the city.

1) Where did the residents of these slums come from, and why did they move? Who owns the land they move onto? When did this phenomenon begin, and for what reasons? At what rate are these squatter settlements still growing? (Hint: Push and Pull factors).

2) Many work in the informal economy and live in informal housing. What does this actually mean, in practical terms? Are the urban poor better off or worse compared to their rural counterparts?

3) When one city is much larger than any other, it tends to attract more migrants. How successful are governmental attempts to create second big cities, and do these secondary cities reduce the migration pressure on the largest city?

4) What other programs have governments implemented to address the problems of the peripheral poor, or what programs or policies might be helpful? Mention as many ideas as you can, keeping in mind the limited capital resources.


Why were some of the biggest cities in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century no longer the biggest cities at the beginning of the 21st century?  Use your knowledge from conference discussions on migration to answer this question.


At the opening of international currency markets on June 7, 2010, the following values were quoted as the value of each currency, in U.S. dollars.

Australian dollar 0.8153

Brazilian real 0.5316

Euro 1.1942

Indonesian rupiah 0.00011

Japanese yen 0.0109

South African rand 0.1279

Check these values to today’s newspaper. Calculate the percentage each has risen or fallen against the dollar or against one another. What flows of goods, or investment, or of tourists should these fluctuations have triggered?

Tabulate your Work as described below

Country/Currency  2010 Rates Today’s Rates Difference
Australian dollar              0.8153
Brazilian real              0.5316
Euro              1.1942
Indonesian rupiah            0.00011
Japanese yen             0.0109
South African rand            0.1279






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Question 1

Many border disputes occur when citizens fight over natural recourses. These edges tend to change over time as a result of people in one region taking over another area through violence. Another time, the land is traded peacefully, however, land is parceled out after a war through international agreements. Most of the times these brooders fall along natural boundaries like mountain ranges and rivers. For example, the border between Spain and France follows the crest of the Pyrenees Mountains. Furthermore, borders –mainly national….




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